Daniel H. Else
On February 13, 2012,
President Barack Obama forwarded his Fiscal Year (FY) 2013 budget request
to Congress, including $11.2 billion for military construction appropriations.
The military construction appropriation, which since the 109th Congress
has been combined with appropriations for the Department of Veterans
Affairs and a number of small, related agencies, has funded the building
of new infrastructure worldwide for the operational and training use active
and reserve armed forces, the construction and operation of housing for service
members and their families, and facilities for the demilitarization of
obsolete chemical munitions, as required by international treaty
obligations. It has also paid the U.S. contribution to the common infrastructure
fund for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the environmental remediation
of defense real property declared surplus since 1988 under the various rounds
of base closures and realignments, commonly referred to as BRAC.
The President’s request reflects some marked changes from appropriations
requested in recent years, likely reflecting decisions being made within
the Pentagon on the shape and structure of the future military force. The
Department of Defense (DOD) is undergoing a review of its strategy for
national defense and plans to reduce force end strength over the next several
years. Construction funding requested for active duty forces aggregates to
$7.7 billion, down from the $10.9 billion requested for FY2012 and $9.8
billion appropriated for that year. Reserve component construction
(including the Army and Air National Guards) requested is reduced from $1.2
billion for FY2012 to $1.0 billion for FY2013. The request for military family
housing remains steady at $1.7 billion, and funding requested for BRAC has
shrunk from $582 million to $476 million, reflecting the end of the
implementation period for the 2005 BRAC round of base closures and
realignments in September 2011.
Date of Report: February 28, 2012
Number of Pages: 16
Order Number: R42376
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